What are “Orphan Works”?
As described in a 2005 report that the Copyright Office prepared for Congress, an “orphan work” is a work (such as an image) that is protected by copyright but whose copyright owner cannot be identified and located. It is clear that such a situation harms both creators and users.
Additional information can be found in the US Copyright Office’s Orphan Works and Mass Digitalization Report.
For more information about orphan works, please visit the US Copyright Office.
The Copyright Office has determined the following