ASMP — American Society of Media Photographers

Gordon Parks The Atmosphere of Crime, 1957

By July 14, 2020 ASMP Bookshelf, ASMP Legends

Cross-posted from Steidl Books
[by Sarah Meister (Author, Editor), Nicole Fleetwood (Author), Bryan Stevenson (Author), Gordon Parks (Photographer)]

When Life magazine asked Gordon Parks to illustrate a recurring series of articles on crime in the United States in 1957, he had already been a staff photographer for nearly a decade, the first African American to hold this position. Parks embarked on a six-week journey that took him and a reporter to the streets of New York, Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles. Unlike much of his prior work, the images made were in color. The resulting eight-page photo-essay “The Atmosphere of Crime” was noteworthy not only for its bold aesthetic sophistication, but also for how it challenged stereotypes about criminality then pervasive in the mainstream media. They provided a richly-hued, cinematic portrayal of a largely hidden world: that of violence, police work and incarceration, seen with empathy and candor.

Parks rejected clichés of delinquency, drug use and corruption, opting for a more nuanced view that reflected the social and economic factors tied to criminal behavior and a rare window into the working lives of those charged with preventing and prosecuting it. Transcending the romanticism of the gangster film, the suspense of the crime caper and the racially biased depictions of criminality then prevalent in American popular culture, Parks coaxed his camera to do what it does best: record reality so vividly and compellingly that it would allow Life’s readers to see the complexity of these chronically oversimplified situations. The Atmosphere of Crime, 1957 includes an expansive selection of never-before-published photographs from Parks’ original reportage.

Co-published with The Gordon Parks Foundation and The Museum of Modern Art

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Related: Virtual Views: Gordon Parks, a Live Q&A  hosted by The Museum of Modern Art

Tune in Thursday, July 16, at 8:00 p.m. EDT for a live Q&A with Sarah Meister, curator in MoMA’s Department of Photography; Nicole Fleetwood, professor at Rutgers University and curator of the forthcoming MoMA PS1 exhibition Marking Time: Art in the Age of Mass Incarceration; and Khalil Muhammad, professor at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and former director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, as they discuss Gordon Parks’s work, as part of our Virtual Views initiative. Something you’d like to ask? MoMA members are invited to submit questions via our online form. (And if you miss the live stream, a recorded version will be available here immediately afterward.)

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